Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations.
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McGeoch, Melodie A.
Costello, Mark J.
Geller, Gary N.
Muller-Karger, Frank E.
Pereira, Henrique M.
Regan, Eugenie C.
Schmeller, Dirk S.
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Species distributions and abundances are undergoing rapid changes worldwide. This highlights the significance of reliable, integrated information for guiding and assessing actions and policies aimed at managing and sustaining the many functions and benefits of species. Here we synthesize the types of data and approaches that are required to achieve such an integration and conceptualize ‘essential biodiversity variables’ (EBVs) for a unified global capture of species populations in space and time. The inherent heterogeneity and sparseness of raw biodiversity data are overcome by the use of models and remotely sensed covariates to inform predictions that are contiguous in space and time and global in extent. We define the species population EBVs as a space–time–species–gram (cube) that simultaneously addresses the distribution or abundance of multiple species, with its resolution adjusted to represent available evidence and acceptable levels of uncertainty. This essential informat.....
JournalNature Ecology & Evolution
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)14.A
Maturity LevelTRL 6 System/subsystem model or prototyping demonstration in a relevant end-to-end environment (ground or space)
Best Practice TypeManual (incl. handbook, guide, cookbook etc)
CitationJetz, W.; McGeoch, M.A.; Guralnick, R.; et al (2019) Essential biodiversity variables for mapping and monitoring species populations. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3, pp.539–551. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0826-1.
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