Now showing items 34-49 of 49

    • The Nansen Legacy Sampling Protocols, Version 1. 

      Nansen Legacy Project (Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System, Longyearbyen, Norway, 2018)
      The collection of detailed sampling protocols is crucial tool for the success of the Nansen Legacy, because they ensure o Methodological agreement between the involved researchers o Continuity and comparable data ...
    • Observing System Simulation Experiments; justifying new Arctic observation capabilities. 

      Masutani, Michiko; Garand, Louis; Lahoz, William; Riishøjgaard, Lars Peter; Andersson, Erik; Rochon, Yves; Tsyrulnikov, Mikhail; McConnell, John; Cucurull, Lidia; Xie, Yuanfu; Ishii, Shoken; Grumbine, Robert; Brunet, Gilbert; Woollen, John S.; Sato, Yoshiaki (NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction, 2013)
      The Arctic is recognized as one of the key areas of the globe, both in terms of its sensitivity to climate change, and by the increasing economic activity that is expected with the opening up of Arctic areas in a warming ...
    • Ocean Colour Remote Sensing in Polar Seas. 

      Babin, Marcel; Arrigo, Kevin; Bélanger, Simon; Forget, Marie-Helene; IOCCG (International Ocean Colour Coordinating Group (IOCCG), Dartmouth, NS, Canada, 2015)
      Accelerating climate change calls for a vastly improved understanding of the polar ecosystems based on an intensive observation program. In situ observations from ships are, however, inherently sparse in space and time, ...
    • Oceanographic and Marine Meteorological Observations in the Polar Regions - A report to the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology. 

      Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (WMO & IOC, Observations Coordination Group (OCG), 2000)
      In Geneva, December 6-8, 1999, a meeting of experts was held to discuss a JCOMM/GOOS Polar Region Strategy. It was agreed on the importance of developing an integrated Polar Region Strategy Document for JCOMM. This document ...
    • Oil spill response capabilities and technologies for ice-covered Arctic marine waters: a review of recent developments and established practices. 

      Wilkinson, J.; Beegle-Krause, C.J.; Evers, K. U.; Hughes, N.; Lewis, A.; Reed, M.; Wadhams, P. (2017)
      Renewed political and commercial interest in the resources of the Arctic, the reduction in the extent and thickness of sea ice, and the recent failings that led to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, have prompted industry ...
    • A quantitative assessment of Arctic shipping in 2010–2014. 

      Eguíluz, Victor M.; Fernández-Gracia, Juan; Irigoien, Xabier; Duarte, Carlos M. (2016)
      Rapid loss of sea ice is opening up the Arctic Ocean to shipping, a practice that is forecasted to increase rapidly by 2050 when many models predict that the Arctic Ocean will largely be free of ice toward the end of summer. ...
    • Satellite Based Intertidal-Zone Mapping from Sentinel-1 & 2. Final report. 

      Haarpaintner, Jörg; Davids, Corine (NORCE – Norwegian Research Centre AS, Bergen, Norway, 2020)
      The report describes develop methods and results based on radar and optical high resolution (10-20m) satellite imagery from Sentinel-1 C-band synthetic aperture radars (C-SAR) S1A and S1B and Sentinel-2 MultiSpectral ...
    • Sea-ice information services in the world. Edition 2010. [SUPERSEDED by http://hdl.handle.net/11329/394] 

      World Meteorological Organization (World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010)
      The WMO publication ‘Sea Ice Information Services in the World’ (WMO No. 574) is intended to provide to mariners and other users the latest snapshot of the sea ice services available world-wide, effectively extending the ...
    • Sea-Ice Information Services in the World. 3rd Edition, 2006 [SUPERSEDED by http://hdl.handle.net/11329/283] 

      World Meteorological Organization (JCOMM via ET-SI, Expert Team on Sea Ice, 2006)
      The WMO publication Sea-Ice Information Services in the World (WMO-No. 574) was first published in 1981. Many ocean and sea areas of the world, in addition tothe polar seas, are susceptible to sea ice (for example, the ...
    • Sea-Ice Information Services in the World. Edition 2017. 

      JCOMM Expert Team on Sea Ice (ETSI) (World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2017)
      The 2017 update of the document reflects new types of sea ice and icebergs information, forms of collaboration and delivery of the products through August 2017. Areas that have seen substantial progress over the last seven ...
    • Strategisk næringsplan for Svalbard. Version 2.0. 

      Grimstad, Hilde; Andreassen, Tore (Multiconsult, Tromso, Norway, 2017)
      Meld. St. 32 - Svalbardmeldinga - slår fast at de overordnede målene for norsk Svalbardpolitikk ligger fast. Dette innebærer at et av de viktigste hovedmålene er opprettholdelse av levedyktig og robust norsk familiesamfunn, ...
    • Towards seasonal Arctic shipping route predictions. 

      Melia, Nathanael; Haines, Keith; Hawkins, Ed; Day, Jonathan J. (2017)
      The continuing decline in Arctic sea-ice will likely lead to increased human activity and opportunities for shipping in the region, suggesting that seasonal predictions of route openings will become ever more important. ...
    • Water Quality Monitoring Field Manual. 

      Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council (Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council , Science Department, Anchorage, Alaska, 2017)
      This manual is a reference tool for technicians conducting water sampling under the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council (YRITWC) protocols. The YRITWC protocols were developed using the United ...
    • Welcome to the Arctic. [Visitor Guidelines] 

      Association of Arctic Expedition Cruise Operators (Association of Arctic Expedition Cruise Operators (AECO), Longyearbyen, Svalbard, 2019)
      General guidelines for travelers visiting the Arctic. Tourism and cruise activities in the Arctic operate within a comprehensive framework of international and national laws and regulations to ensure safety and preservation ...
    • Workshop on Sea-Level Measurements in Hostile Conditions, Moscow, Russian Federation, 13 – 15 March 2018. 

      Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO, Paris, France, 2018)
      The international workshop on Sea-level Measurements in Hostile Conditions was held from 13 to 15 March 2018 at the N.N. Zubov State Oceanographic Institute (SOI) of Roshydromet, Moscow, Russian Federation. ...
    • WWF/CCU Submission to the Arctic Shipping Best Practices Informatiom Forum. 

      World Wildlife Fund; Circumpolar Conservation Union (WWF, Gland, Switzerland, 2017)
      The Arctic is experiencing profound environmental changes, including a rapid decline in sea ice extent, thickness, and duration. Coupled with development pressures and other human uses, these changes have facilitated the ...