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dc.contributor.authorFischer, Philipp
dc.contributor.authorBrix, Holger
dc.contributor.authorBaschek, Burkard
dc.contributor.authorKraberg, Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorBrand, Markus
dc.contributor.authorCisewski, Boris
dc.contributor.authorRiethmüller, Rolf
dc.contributor.authorBreitbach, Gisbert
dc.contributor.authorMöller, Klas Ove
dc.contributor.authorGattuso, Jean-Pierre
dc.contributor.authorAlliouane, Samir
dc.contributor.authorvan de Poll, Willem H.
dc.contributor.authorWitbaard, Rob
dc.coverage.spatialNorth Seaen_US
dc.coverage.spatialArctic Regionen_US
dc.identifier.citationFischer, P.; Brix H.; Baschek, B.; ,Kraberg, A,; Brand, M. et al (2020) Operating Cabled Underwater Observatories in Rough Shelf-Sea Environments: A Technological Challenge. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7:55, 20pp. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00551en_US
dc.description.abstractCabled coastal observatories are often seen as future-oriented marine technology that enables science to conduct observational and experimental studies under water year-round, independent of physical accessibility to the target area. Additionally, the availability of (unrestricted) electricity and an Internet connection under water allows the operation of complex experimental setups and sensor systems for longer periods of time, thus creating a kind of laboratory beneath the water. After successful operation for several decades in the terrestrial and atmospheric research field, remote controlled observatory technology finally also enables marine scientists to take advantage of the rapidly developing communication technology. The continuous operation of tw ocabled observatories in the southern North Sea and off the Svalbard coast since 2012 shows that even highly complex sensor systems, such as stereo-optical cameras, video plankton recorders or systems for measuring the marine carbonate system, can be successfully operated remotely year-round facilitating continuous scientific access to areas that are difficult to reach, such as the polar seas or the North Sea. Experience also shows, however, that the challenges of operating a cabled coastal observatory go far beyond the provision of electricity and network connection under water. In this manuscript, the essential developmental stages of the “COSYNA Shallow WaterUnderwater Node” system are presented, and the difficulties and solutions that have arisen in the course of operation since 2012 are addressed with regard to technical,organizational and scientific aspectsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subject.otherCoastal cabled observatoriesen_US
dc.titleOperating Cabled Underwater Observatories in Rough Shelf-Sea Environments: A Technological Challenge.en_US
dc.typeJournal Contributionen_US
dc.subject.parameterDisciplineParameter Discipline::Physical oceanography::Other physical oceanographic measurementsen_US
dc.subject.dmProcessesData Management Practices::Data quality controlen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.titleFrontiers in Marine Scienceen_US
dc.bibliographicCitation.issueArticle 551en_US
dc.description.maturitylevelTRL 9 Actual system "mission proven" through successful mission operations (ground or space)en_US
dc.description.bptypeBest Practiceen_US
dc.description.bptypeManual (incl. handbook, guide, cookbook etc)en_US
dc.description.frontiers2019-10-16 Fischer

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International